Finland strides ahead with its Virve 2.0 devices RFI
Finland’s Erillisverkot Group is seeking information from public safety end users about the types of communications devices they want to use.
Finland is currently served by a national TETRA public safety radio network called Virve, operated by Erillisverkot Group (a non-profit company owned by the Finnish government). Virve is used by a wide variety of public agencies — such as the Emergency Response Centre Agency, fire and rescue services and police — as well as social services, defence forces, border guards, customs, railway operators and vital private businesses such as those in the energy sector.
Virve has 41,000 subscribers and more than 1300 base stations spread across the nation. On an average day, users make 150,000 group calls and send 7.5 million short data messages, the latter being far higher than for any other country.
Virve 2.0, however, will use commercial networks to provide PSMB capabilities for public safety agencies — such as priority and pre-emption powers — with Erillisverkot becoming a virtual operator (later to be upgraded to service provider status).
In April, Erillisverkot announced that it had selected Elisa to provide the Virve 2.0 radio access network as a service, with the core systems to be provided by Ericsson. Contracts were signed in May.
According to Erillisverkot, under the current phase — phase 1 — the building of the network is ongoing. Once ready for service next year, the network will be able to offer prioritised data, voice and other services to the public safety authorities and other users.
Phase 2 will see the service enhanced by the provision of 3GPP-specified mission-critical services, built on top of the core and virtualisation platform services implemented in phase 1.
The end-user devices RFI
In what could very well be the first public safety communications RFI of its kind anywhere in the world, Erillisverkot is sensibly seeking out the views and input of the end-user community. The feedback received will guide the ecosystem design process.
The RFI said that “The purpose of this document is to find out what kinds of devices users would like to use, would expect to use, or what kinds of devices the manufacturers plan to produce. What kinds of end-user devices and IoT devices can be used on the Virve 2.0 network in different kind of use cases and what is the availability, development stage and performance of those devices/peripherals/equipment?
“The scope of this document is limited to those devices that have direct Virve 2.0 connectivity ie, those devices with a Virve 2.0 UICC (SIM card or embedded SIM) inside them. Essential accessories and wearables are a natural part of the devices.”
Erillisverkot has invited answers and comments “from all parties working on public safety/PPDR mission-critical broadband communication solutions and applications, but we are especially interested in hearing from companies specialising in 3GPP-based end-user devices”.
The RFI seeks a wide variety of information about potential end-user devices, asking more than 100 questions on topics such:
- Mission-critical service capabilities
- Enterprise mobility management and mobile device management
- Information security
- Electromagnetic protection
- Location-based services
- Device functionalities
- Approval, testing and certification
- Device maintenance
The device and equipment types envisioned include:
- Rugged handheld devices
- Secure smartphones
- Vehicle-mounted mobile radios
- Computer tablets
- Vehicle-mounted routers
- Non-traditional devices such as wearables and IoT devices
Erillisverkot has set a closing date of 16 October 2020 for RFI submissions and feedback, with joint submissions permitted.
The national goals of Virve 2.0
Virve 2.0 is an ambitious project, intended to provide coverage for country of extremes — from lowland and coastal landscapes to rugged mountainous areas, from densely populated cities to sparsely populated rural areas, and in climatic environments from pleasant summers to harsh, snowbound winters.
The high-level national goals set for Virve 2.0 reflect the smart, considered and cooperative way in which Finland has assessed its needs and defined the project’s parameters, which are:
- It must provide secure, 3GPP-based, mission-critical mobile broadband with wide geographic coverage, high availability, QPP functions and national roaming.
- The service must be competitively priced in order for it to become the network of choice for PPDR users.
- Erillisverkot will be the service operator, handling subscriber services and application development using open standards.
- It must support mission-critical and non-mission-critical services based on different user needs, and eventually provide 3GPP MCPTT, MCVideo and MCData services.
- Availability must be ensured through improved power supplies, transmission links and redundant network elements.
- Security must be top of mind during and after development to ensure services and data are protected and unauthorised use prevented.
- Interoperability is the aim for all Finnish public protection and disaster relief (PPDR) users, plus the system should enable them to work with other European PPDR mobile broadband users.
- Access must be available to any 3GPP-based terminal, while Erillisverkot will be responsible for implementing a high-security terminal ecosystem.
- A solution will be implemented to ease migration from TETRA, and there will be integration of other systems such as the ERICA national emergency response system.
- It will be based on open 3GPP standards, with the minimum requirement being Release 15.
- The system will be hardened in terms of supply and preparedness, eg, in terms of coverage, availability, usability, data security and power resilience.
It’s fair to say that eyes of the mission-critical communications world are currently on Finland, as it works steadily and intelligently towards providing what will become a best-in-class PSMB capability. Many other nations, Australia included, could learn a thing or two from the way the Finnish authorities and Erillisverkot in particular have conducted the process.
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